Among other structures Mr. Mock designed were Freedom Hall, part of the Gold Vault at Fort Knox, a Lutheran Church which is now Emmanuel Baptist Church, and Carlisle Baptist Church. He often attended the churches he was engaged in building, and, thus may have visited CHBC on many occasions. Another son of Otto's, George W. Mock "Goucho" (1915-1983) worked as a printer at the Courier-Journal for 43 yrs. George's son, Otto, is a fire prevention officer for the Camp Taylor Fire Dept and member of the Board of Trustees for Highview Baptist Church.
Dale Tucker composed the following essay about Crescent Hill Baptist Church's Architectural Symbols
The Exterior Molded Concrete Embellishments were done by Rackle Artstone of Cleveland, Ohio. The Bible is central to worship and instruction; This book could represent literacy or scholarship. It may represent the Book of Life and is often shown as a bible. A popular form is the book as a double page spread.
Music was and is a large part of our worship and celebration of faith. Pictured are horns, flutes, harps and cymbals.
Leaf borders and scroll motifs were used extensively in the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. Foremost of these was the acanthus motif. Some say the acanthus, one of the oldest flowers in the Mediterranean area, represents long life. The symbolism and meaning associated with the Acanthus is that of enduring life, and the plant is traditionally displayed at funerary celebrations. In Christianity the thorny leaves represent pain, sin and punishment. Acanthus symbolizes immortality in Mediterranean countries.
Wreath or Garland - The use of garlands, wreaths and festoons dates back to ancient Greek times and it was adopted into the Christian religion as a symbol of the victory of the redemption.
This angel kneeling in prayer backed by acanthus leaves may represent the power of prayer. The symbolism and meaning associated with the Acanthus is that of enduring life, and the plant is traditionally displayed at funerary celebrations.
In Christianity the thorny leaves represent pain, sin and punishment. Acanthus symbolizes immortality in Mediterranean countries.
Angel with outstretched wings and hands which enfold cherubs or children. Perhaps this represents the guardian angels Christians have traditionally believed are assigned to children. At the base again are found the acanthus leaves. Angels are seen as the agent or messenger from God,
Angel/Cherubim - Guardians of a sacred place, servants of God; divine wisdom or justice.
In this Corinthian column the top or capital contains the acanthus leaves around the lower part and ferns at the top. The volute is a spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column. It was later incorporated into Corinthian order and Composite column capitals. The word derives from the Latin voluta ("scroll"). It has been suggested that the ornament was inspired by the curve of a ram's horns, or perhaps was derived from the natural spiral found in the ovule of a common species of clover native to Greece. (Wikipedia) Here you might interpret it to be a fiddle head fern; ferns represented sincerity or sorrow.
Interior stained glass windows and doors done by Louisville Art Glass Company.
A square may be used as a symbol of many things, all primarily related to the number four. It may represent the four corners of the earth. It may represent the four Evangelists - Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Since four is sometimes considered the "number of the earth," is may be used as a halo, or "nimbus," to distinguish living persons from departed saints.
The quatrefoil is a symbol of the four Evangelists — Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
The fleur-de-lis is a stylized representation of the lily, a symbol of purity, and so is a common reference to the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lis is also a symbol of royalty, made so by its adoption by kings of France. The triune representation of the fleur-de-lis has also led to its adoption as a symbol of the Trinity. This flower may also be a lotus.
The olive branch is widely recognized as a symbol of peace. In the story of the Great Flood, a dove returned to Noah with an olive branch to let him know that the flood waters had abated, and that the episode of God's judgment was over. The olive tree produced great quantities of oil, itself a symbol of the Holy Spirit and His anointing, as well as of consecration to the Lord. The olive branches are topped by a fleur de lis or a lotus blossom. A lotus represents purity, resurrection or potential and is commonly used in ancient Egypt and in Hinduism, the flower is sacred in Buddhism
Wreath or Garland - The use of garlands, wreaths and festoons dates back to ancient Greek times and it was adopted into the Christian religion as a symbol of the victory of the redemption. Note the olives above the garland of olive leaves.
The Christian symbol of Palm Branch symbolizes victory and also represents a martyr who sacrifices his/her life for the sake of faith in God. The Palm Branch is often seen in the hands of Jesus Christ and is considered a symbol of resurrection that depicts supreme triumph over death. Palm branches were waved and laid out on the path when Jesus entered Jerusalem.
In early Christianity, the palm tree was even used as the Tree of Life.
Note the arc of palm branches over a lotus blossom. Because a lotus blooms above the water from roots anchored in the mud, it it sometimes used as a symbol of the sanctifying power of Christ's Holy Spirit. It can also borrow its meaning from Greek mythology to refer to spiritual sleep or stupor.
The symbol of the incense bowl with the incense smoke rising up found on both sides of the upper windows In the Old Testament, God commanded His people to offer incense in worship.
Pure incense is the resin from certain trees found in limited areas of the Middle East like Ethiopia and Eritrea. In ancient times it was obtained only at great expense.
In the book of Exodus (Chapter 30), God commanded Moses to make an altar of acacia wood for the burning of incense. Aaron is to burn incense morning and evening. Moses is given special instructions for making the incense to be used exclusively for the worship of God (Exodus 30:34-38). One of the many ingredients given in God's list was frankincense.
Among the gifts of the Magi given to the baby Jesus was frankincense--a gift worthy of a king.
Incense is a symbol for the prayers of God's people.
"Let my prayer be counted as incense before thee, and the lifting up of my hands as an evening sacrifice. . . ." -Psalm 141:2 http://prayerfoundation.org/dailyoffice/incense.htm
Inside the sanctuary is plaster work done by Grisanti Statuary Company.
In the alcove above the choir is a grill. Note that the grill is made up of many candles.
In the border below the grill are some 100 vertical candles each in their own alcove.
A candle calls to mind Jesus' words, "I am the Light of the World" (John 8:12). When two candles are placed on an altar, they represent Jesus' human and divine natures. Believers are also called to be the light of the world:
The funeral urn symbolizes death. Urn - Greek symbol of mourning, the body as a vessel of the soul, originating as a repository for the ashes of the dead in ancient times - a popular symbol of mourning. Most represent an ossuary.
Ichthus (ikh-thoos) or ichthys is the Greek word simply meaning “fish”. The Greek spelling for ichthus is -- Iota, Chi, Theta, Upsilon, and Sigma. The English translation is IXOYE. The five Greek letters stand for the words meaning, “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior.” This symbol was used primarily amongst Christians of the early church years (1st and 2nd century A.D.) The symbol was introduced from Alexandria, Egypt; which at the time, was a very heavily populated seaport. It was the port in which many goods were brought over from the European continent. Because of this, it was first used by the peoples of the sea as a symbol of a familiar deity, in this case, Jesus Christ. Note a stylized rose or dogwood in the center of the fish symbol.
The vine and branches are a reminder of Jesus' teaching that believers derive life and fruitfulness from Christ, the True Vine. The leaves of the vine may be that of the acanthus plant. John 15:5 "I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. (NIV)
Shell is symbolic of fertility, resurrection and pilgrimage. The shell may be, in fact, a lotus blossom. Ferns are on either side of the acanthus plant. What appears to be a shell could also be a stylized thistle plant. The thistle is a symbol of temporal sorrow and the curse of sin from the story of the Fall. Because the thistle is a thorny bush, it is often portrayed as the source of Christ's crown of thorns. Because thistles flourish to crowd out useful crops, they have also been used to represent the "tares" or weeds written of in Matthew 13.
At the front of the sanctuary are three important symbols of the church. The Lord's Table is where bread and wine are placed for Christian Communion or The Lord's Supper. Jesus, at what has been called "the Last Supper" he had with his disciples said that the bread represented his body which would be broken and the wine represented his blood which would be shed. As often as you meet, do this in remembrance of me. Directly behind the Lord's Table is the pulpit from which ministers/preachers proclaim the Good News of the Gospel which is the God of Grace forgives our sin if we turn from our sin (repent) and follow Christ. Behind the pulpit is the space for the choir and behind the choir is the baptismal pool where new believers are immersed as a testimony that their old lives are gone and they are raised to new life in Christ.
To the left of the pulpit is a single candle representing that Jesus said that he was the Light of the World and also that Christians are also to be lights in their world today. To the right of the pulpit is the Bible which is God's Holy Word. Guided by God's Spirit, Christians can find direction for their lives through reading the Bible.
The dogwood is a modern figure of the Passion of Christ. The "legend" has it that the dogwood, which once grew tall and straight, was the source of the wood used for the cross. Jesus had pity on this poor tree used for such an ignoble purpose, and decreed, "Henceforth it shall be slender and bent and twisted and its blossoms shall be in the form of a cross ... two long and two short petals. And in the center of the outer edge of each petal there will be nail prints, brown with rust and stained with red, and in the center of the flower will be a crown of thorns, and all who see it remember ... that it was upon a dogwood tree I was crucified and this tree shall not be mutilated or destroyed, but cherished as a reminder of My death upon the cross."
Another stylized dogwood bloom on pews.
The daisy found on the pulpit is a late (15th century) symbol of the innocence of the Christ Child. The daisy, less exotic and pretentious than the lily, was thought by some to be a more fitting symbol for the baby Jesus. The circle is a symbol of life everlasting. Interestingly, this symbol is also similar to the dharma chakra (literally, ‘wheel of Law’) Buddhist emblem resembling a wagon wheel, with eight spokes, each representing one of the eight tenets of Buddhist belief. The circle symbolizes the completeness of the Dharma, the spokes represent the eightfold path leading to enlightenment: Right faith, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right endeavor, right mindfulness, and right meditation. The Gypsy chakra has 16 spokes in their wheel.
A lozenge (?), often referred to as a diamond, is a form of rhombus. The definition of lozenge is not strictly fixed, and it is sometimes used simply as a synonym (from the French losange) for rhombus. Most often, though, lozenge refers to a thin rhombus—a rhombus with acute angles of less than 45°. The lozenge shape is often used in parquetry and as decoration on ceramics, silverware and textiles
The lozenge motif dates as far back as the Neolithic and Paleolithic period in Eastern Europe and represents a sown field and female fertility. The ancient lozenge pattern often shows up in Diamond vault architecture, in traditional dress patterns of Slavic peoples, and in traditional Ukrainian embroidery. The lozenge pattern also appears extensively in Celtic art, art from the Ottoman Empire, and ancientPhrygian art. (Wikpedia)
The Natal Cross--This cross is shaped like a star, reminding us of the story of Jesus' birth and foretelling the purpose for which he was born.
Monogram in the radiator grill work
References: http://www.planetgast.net/symbols/ for Christian symbols
Some images of the 1926 building under construction:
CRESCENT HILL BAPTIST CHURCH
2800 Frankfort Avenue
Louisville, Kentucky 40206